The American Language Reprint Series The American Language Reprint (ALR) series aims to make available the various word-lists, vocabularies
and phrase books which were compiled in the early years of North American settlement.
Learning an Endangered Language A partial list of endangered languages and information on how and where
they may be studied, where recordings may be obtained, etc. (more information on some of
these and other languages can be found at the University of Minnesota Less Commonly
Taught Languages page).
Living Languages of Canada Includes many that are shared between the US and Canada. See also Woodland Culture Centre for more information on Aanishnaabeg (Algonkian: Cree, Delaware, Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomie) and Ogwehoweh (Iroquoian: Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca and Tuscarora).
Endangered Languages 2001
Only 250 languages in the entire world have at least a million speakers, considered the
necessary safety level as globalization homogenizes every nation, every village, no matter how remote.
Foundation for Endangered Languages The aims of the Foundation are:
* to raise awareness of endangered languages, both inside and
outside the communities where they are spoken, through all
channels and media;
* to support the use of endangered languages in all contexts: at
home, in education, in the media, and in social, cultural and
economic life; * to monitor linguistic policies and practices, and to seek to
influence the appropriate authorities where necessary;
* to support the documentation of endangered languages, by
offering financial assistance, training, or facilities for the
publication of results;
* to collect together and make available information of use in
the preservation of endangered languages; to disseminate
information on all of the above activities as widely as possible.
Indigenous Language Institute The ILI collaborates with indigenous communities to reviatlize and perpetuate the languages and culture of the original inhabitants of the Americas
Native American Languages Act of 2001 Latest Major Action: 1/22/2001 Referred to Senate committee
Title: A bill to amend the Native American Languages Act to provide for the support of Native American
Language Survival Schools, and for other purposes.
A Narragansett Dictionary Roger Williams, 1643.
Williams's text, which presents itself as an introduction to the Narragansett language, also presents an
overview of the customs of Native New England in uncommonly sympathetic terms. Williams, the founder
of Rhode Island, maintained a reputation for just land dealings and good relations with the Narragansetts
prior to King Philip's War (1675-6)
Six Nation Language Statistics Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora.
"The language retention rates are just over 1%. This means that out of
approximately 20,000 members at Six Nations of the Grand River community, ONLY
about 225 fluent speakers are remaining. Almost all of the fluent speakers left with
us are over the age of 60." See map
Mingo This site is dedicated to the preservation and revitalization of Mingo, the language of the West Virginia
Mingo. Alphabet, Dictionary, Grammar, Texts, Language Learning Materials.
Use of Mingo The use of the Mingo language in the last half of the
Wyandot Language Dictionary, vocabularies, language files. Wyandot was spoken
until quite recently near Sandwich, Ontario, and Wyandotte, Oklahoma.
There were 2 elderly speakers in 1961. Huron was last spoken at
Lorette, near Quebec City, in the mid-19th century, or 1912. Now extinct.
Muskoke Language Institute Research: Approximately 11% of the population who live in Oklahoma
fluently speak the language on a regular basis. Another 3% understand the language and speak it occasionally, while approximately 1% has knowledge of the
language but are uncomfortable speaking due to unavailability of conversational partners.
Plains Apache Research: Plains Apache Language Documentation. Today, there are only three elderly people who still speak the Plains Apache language.
As a non-reservationist community, the Plains Apache are
surrounded by English and other non-Apachean languages as diverse as Kiowa, Wichita, and Delaware.
Klamath-Modoc 88 speakers (1990 census), out of 2,000 population (1977 SIL). Oregon, south central. Penutian,
Plateau Penutian, Klamath-Modoc. All speakers are middle-aged or older. Bilingual in English.
88 Speakers (1990 Census). See map.
Miwok A short word list of Central Sierra Miwok (105 speakers/1990 census). A separate language from other varieties that include Coast Miwok, Lake Miwok, Northern and Southern Sierra Miwok, Plains Miwok. All are nearly extinct.
Assiniboine Research: An Assiniboine Grammar. 150 to 200 fluent speakers over 40 years old, most over 60, out of 3,500
population including Canada (1986 SIL). Fort Belknap and Fort Peck Reservations, Montana. See map.
Hocák Wazijaci (Winnebago) See <"A HREF="http://www.ethnologue.com/show_map.asp?name=USA&seq=3">map.
Hocák Wazijaci (Winnebago) Immersion Curriculum (250 speakers/1995) The name is written with a hook under the 'a' of
'Hocák', representing a nasalized vowel. The official name for the people is Hocák Nation. 'Winnebago' is the
Ioway-Otoe-Missouria Language (Baxoje-Jiwere-Nyut?aji) (5 fluent speaks of Iowa and 10 of Otoe. Iowa and Otoe are now effectively a single
language, with some family variations cross-cutting the tribal affiliations. Speakers believe certain minor
differences of pronunciation and vocabulary reflect original tribal dialect distinctions.
Omaha Language Research: Curriculum Development Project. In 1994, the Omaha Tribe stated that less than 1% of its total
enrollment were identified as fluent speakers of Omaha. It is reported that less than seventy elderly speakers of the language remain and that of these,
only thirty use the language on a daily basis in the Macy area of Nebraska.
Speakers of the Earth American Indian language materials that include: Apache, Cheyenne, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Kiowa, Lakota, Leni Lenape, Mohawk, Muskogee (Creek), Ojibwe,
Passamaquoddy, Western Delaware